Frequently Asked Questions
Utah County Health Department

Don't see an answer to your question? Try our "Ask the Expert" feature.


General Questions

How do I apply for Medicaid?
For information about the Utah Medicaid Program and other medical assistance programs, call Medicaid Information: 1-800-662-9651 toll-free, or go to

How do I get immunizations for my children or myself?
Call the Immunizations program at the Utah County Health Department at 801-851-7019.


Birth/Death Certificates (Vital Records)
Other FAQ Categories

General Information
Other Birth/Death FAQs | Other FAQ Categories

Can I get a Social Security Card here?
No, you must get them from the Social Security Administration. You may call them at 1-800-772-1213.

Do I get a Marriage Certificate here?
No, those are issued by the County Clerk's Office in the County Administration Building. You may call them at 801-851-8226, or use the following link to get more information online: Marriage Certificates

Can I get Immunization Records in this office?
No, you must get them through the Immunization Clinic in Nursing at 801-851-7043.

Why don't we issue the wallet size card anymore?
The wallet size cards are too small to contain all of the security features to comply with the Department of Homeland Security regulations. Therefore, they are not acceptable for legal purposes.


Obtaining a Birth/Death Certificate
Other Birth/Death FAQs
| Other FAQ Categories

Who can get a birth/death certificate?
You can get one for yourself or immediate family only: Mother, Father, Sibling, Spouse, Child, Grandparent or Grandchild. This does not include Step-Parents or In-Laws.

What kind of ID is required to get a birth certificate?
We require a current picture ID: Driver's License, State issued ID, School ID, Employment ID, or a Passport. It must have a picture and be current, not expired. Other forms may be acceptable please see related link.List of Acceptable Identification Identificación Aceptable

Why do I need a birth/death certificate?
You need a birth certificate to prove you were born an American Citizen eligible for Social Security, to work or go to school, for Passports, drivers licenses, sports, etc. You need a death certificate as proof for every asset of the deceased: Insurance, Property Title, Social Security Benefits, Financial Institutions, etc.

How many certificates do I need?
For a birth certificate, that depends on your lifestyle. Most people only need one, but if you travel a lot & need a passport, or to file dual citizenship, you may need more. You will need a death certificate for every asset of the deceased plus some for your own records.

How long does it take to get a birth certificate once I've had my baby?
Legally the hospitals have 10 working days to register the birth with the State Office of Vital Records, but it can take another 2-3 days before we have access to it for issuing.

How long does it take to get a birth certificate when I come in?
In most cases it only takes about 5-10 minutes.

If I had my baby at home how do I get a Birth Certificate?
If a midwife delivered your baby she will register the birth with the State Office of Vital Records. If you delivered yourself without a midwife's assistance, you must contact the State Office of Vital Records to register the birth and they will issue you a certificate. Please call 1-801-538-6366.

Can we get a birth certificate from your office if we were born in another county?
Yes, we have birth certificates for the whole state from 1951 to the present. We can get them for other years as well but you may want to call to verify : 801-851-7005.

Can I get a certificate from another state in this office?
No, we only issue certificates for the state of Utah. We do not have access to any other state's records. We do have contact information for other states we can share, please feel free to call 801-851-7005.


Changing a Birth Certificate
Other Birth/Death FAQs | Other FAQ Categories

How can I add my baby's father to the birth certificate?
The mother and father must sign 'A Voluntary Declaration of Paternity' provided by this office. This can be done anytime throughout the child's life. For more information please call 801-851-7008. Paternity Matters

Can I add a middle name to my child's record?
Yes, a middle name may be added at any time. The parents need to purchase a birth certificate and sign the 'Affidavit to Amend a Record' on the back of the certificate in front of a Notary Public. Please contact our office at 801-851-7003 for more information and requirements.

How do I correct a birth certificate to reflect a Court Order Name Change?
You must send the certified court documents to the State Office of Vital Records in Salt Lake City along with the fee of $25.00 which entitles you to a new certificate reflecting the new information that will be mailed to you. Please contact them at 801-538-6362 for further information and requirements.

How do I change a birth certificate to reflect an adoption?
You must send the certified court documents to the State Office of Vital Records in Salt Lake City along with the fee of $55.00 which entitles you to a new certificate reflecting the adoption that will be mailed to you. Please contact them at 801-538-6363 for further information and requirements.


Car Seats Other FAQ Categories

Car Seats: General Information
Other Car Seat FAQs | Other FAQ Categories

What is the Car Seat/Booster Seat Law?

  • Utah law requires the driver and all passengers to be buckled if a seat belt is available.
  • Utah law requires that children up until the age of eight be properly restrained in a federally approved child safety seat in a motor vehicle.
  • You may be stopped and cited specifically for a seat belt law violation if anyone under 19 years is unrestrained in your vehicle.
  • The driver is responsible for unrestrained occupants in the vehicle under the age of 16.
  • Violators will be subject to a fine of $45.00.

How long should my child be in a car/booster seat?
The National Highway Traffic Safety Administration says that children should be restrained in a booster seat until they are 4'9" and about 80 pounds. Regular seat belts are made for men who are 5'10" and 160 pounds. They are not designed to secure a child under 4’9” tall and less than 80 pounds. Yes, this quite possibly means that your 10 year old should still be in a booster seat!   

How long should my child be rear facing?
The American Academy of Pediatrics recommends that your child stay rear facing until at least 1 year old AND 20 pounds. Keep in mind that this is the minimum requirement. The longer you can keep your child rear facing, the better. Most convertible seats will go rear facing up to 30 pounds, some even up to 35 pounds.  

What is the best car seat to buy?
The truth is there is not a "best" car seat. The best style of seat is one with a five-point harness system. Other than that, find a car seat that fits your car, your child and your budget. Remember that spending more does not always equal a safer seat.

Car Seat and Vehicle Compatibility:

Car Seat Ease of Use Ratings:

Car Seat Classes
Other Car Seat FAQs | Other FAQ Categories

Do I need to register for the class? Back to Top
No, you don’t need to register for the class. If you are planning to attend, make sure you arrive on time, because you won’t be allowed in once the class starts.

Can I bring my children to the class?
Yes, if you have to bring your children, you can. It is preferred not to bring them since it can be distracting to others who are trying to learn.


Substance Abuse Other FAQ Categories

Substance Abuse: Getting Help
Other Substance Abuse FAQs | Other FAQ Categories

How can I get substance abuse help for a family member, friend, or myself?
Call 801-851-7128 to find out about a substance abuse evaluation.  Call 801-851-7652 to find out about inpatient detoxification.

How does someone get into detoxification?  Is it free?  What actually happens in detox?
Detoxification is the only substance abuse intervention offered to the public free of charge. 

Detoxification services are provided at Foothill Residential Treatment in Spanish Fork (3281 North Main Street, adjacent to the Utah County Security Center).  Call 801-851-7652 to inquire about the availability of a detoxification bed.                   

Persons who are admitted to detoxification are evaluated for risk of adverse health consequences such as the potential for seizures, malignant hypertension, and other potentially serious life-threatening problems that would make social detoxification dangerous.  If the risks are high, a referral will be made to a medical facility where detoxification can be safely monitored by medical staff.  If the medical risks are low, persons may be admitted, observed, will have their symptoms monitored, their nutritional needs looked after, made as comfortable as reasonably possible, and encouraged to continue in treatment after detoxification.  Detoxification may last up to 10 days, depending on the extent of a person’s dependence on drugs or alcohol.

Is treatment free?
Treatment is not free.  All persons receiving treatment through the Utah County Division of Substance Abuse are required by Utah County policy to make a meaningful contribution to the costs of their own care or of the care for their minor child.  However, no one is refused treatment because of an inability to pay.  Utah County Substance Abuse offers subsidized treatment according to a sliding fee scale that is based on current federal poverty guidelines, income, and family size.

What can the rest of the family do while our family member is waiting for treatment to start?
Become informed about the disease of substance abuse and addiction by familiarizing yourself with the information made available through this website and associated links – particularly the Alanon/Alateen information for families. 

I have a family member in prison.  Who do I contact to find out about eligibility for the DORA substance abuse treatment program?
You can contact the Utah County DORA treatment program office at 801-851-7196 or click here for a description of the DORA program and eligibility criteria.

Substance Abuse: Providers
Other Substance Abuse FAQs | Other FAQ Categories

Do you have a list of substance abuse providers in Utah County?Substance Abuse providers in Utah County change from year to year.  A list of 2008 licensed substance abuse providers can be found by clicking here.  The list may not be complete.

What youth treatment options are available outside of Utah County Division of Substance Abuse?
Utah County Substance Abuse contracts with providers in Utah and Salt Lake counties for youth treatment.  A list of providers licensed by the State Department of Human Services is available at

How do we get in touch with the county substance abuse programs in Wasatch County? Salt Lake County, other substance abuse treatment programs in other counties?
Contact information for other local substance abuse authorities for counties other than Utah County can be found at the Utah Association of Counties website at or  Wasatch County Substance Abuse Services are provided by Heber Valley Counseling in Heber City 435-654-3003.  Salt Lake County Substance Abuse can be contacted at 801-468-2009.  For Juab County, call 435-462-2416.  For Price, call 435-637-7200.

West Nile Virus Other FAQ Categories

West Nile Virus: General Information
Other West Nile Virus FAQs | Other FAQ Categories

What is West Nile Virus?
West Nile Virus is a mosquito-born virus that can cause encephalitis (inflammation of the brain) or meningitis (inflammation of the lining of the brain and spinal cord) in humans and horses. Mosquitoes that acquire it from infected birds transmit the virus. This virus was first discovered in the United States in New York in 1999 and has quickly spread throughout the U.S. Previously, West Nile Virus had only been seen in Africa, Asia and southern Europe. Nebraska Cooperative Extension G02-1464-A: West Nile Virus - Getting Prepared

How does West Nile Virus spread?
Generally, WNV is spread by the bite of an infected mosquito. Mosquito's are WNV carriers that become infected when they feed on infected birds. Infected mosquitos can then spread WNV to humans and other animals when they bite.

In a very small number of cases, WNV also has spread through blood transfusions, organ transplants, breastfeeding and even during pregnancy from mother to baby.

WNV is not spread through casual contact such as touching or kissing a person with the virus.

How can I prevent WNV?
The easiest and best way to avoid WNV is to prevent mosquito bites.

When you are outdoors, use insect repellents containing DEET (N, N-diethyl-meta-toluamide). Follow the directions on the package.

Many mosquitos are most active at dusk and dawn. Consider staying indoors during these times or use insect repellent and wear long sleeves and pants. Light colored clothing can help you see mosquitos that land on you.

Make sure you have good screens on your windows and doors to keep mosquitos out.

Get rid of mosquito breeding sites by emptying standing water from flower pots, buckets and barrels. Change the water in pet dishes and replace the water in bird baths weekly. Drill drainage holes in tire swings so water drains out. Keep children's wading pools empty and on their sides when they aren't being used.

Dispose of tin cans, plastic containers, ceramic pots or similar water-holding containers on your property. Remove all discarded tires. Clean clogged roof gutters. Turn over wheelbarrows. Aerate ornamental pools or stock them with fish. Clean and chlorinate swimming pools when not in use. Use landscaping to eliminate standing water that collects on your property.

West Nile Virus: Humans
Other West Nile Virus FAQs | Other FAQ Categories

Are humans at risk for getting West Nile encephalitis?
All residents of areas where virus activity has been identified are at risk of getting West Nile encephalitis; persons older than 50 years have the highest risk of severe disease.

There have been numerous cases of humans being infected with the virus. Centers for Disease Control West Nile Virus Home Page

What is the risk of catching WNV?
For most, the risk is low. Less than 1 percent of people who are bitten by mosquitos develop any symptoms of the disease and relatively few mosquitos actually carry WNV.

People who spend a lot of time outdoors are more likely to be bitten by an infected mosquito. They should take special care to avoid mosquito bites.

People over the age of 50 are more likely to develop serious symptoms of WNV if they do get sick and should take special care to avoid mosquito bites.

The risk of getting WNV through blood transfusions and organ transplants is very small and should not prevent people who need surgery from having it. If you have concerns, talk to your doctor before surgery.

Pregnancy and nursing do not increase risk of becoming infected with WNV.

How soon do infected people get sick?
People typically develop symptoms between 3 to 14 days after they are bitten by the infected mosquito.

What are the symptoms of West Nile encephalitis in humans?
WNV affects the central nervous system. Symptoms may vary.

Approximately 80% of people who are infected with WNV will not show any symptoms at all.

Up to 20% of the people who become infected will display mild symptoms, including fever, headache, body ache, nausea, vomiting and sometimes swollen lymph glands or a skin rash on the chest, stomach and back. Symptoms typically last a few days.

About one in 150 people infected with WNV will develop severe illness. The severe symptoms can include high fever, headache, neck stiffness, stupor, disorientation, coma, tremors, convulsions, muscle weakness, vision loss, numbness and paralysis. These symptoms may last several weeks and neurological effects may be permanent.

What should I do if I think I have WNV?
Mild WNV illness improves on its own and people do not necessarily need to seek medical attention for this infection. If you develop symptoms of severe WNV illness, such as unusually severe headaches or confusion, seek medical attention immediately. Severe WNV illness usually requires hospitalization. Pregnant women and nursing mothers are encouraged to talk to their doctor if they develop symptoms that could be WNV.

How is WNV infection treated?
There is no specific treatment for WNV infection. In cases with mild symptoms, people experience symptoms such as fever and aches that pass on their own. In more severe cases, people usually need to go to the hospital where they can receive supportive treatment including intravenous fluids, help with breathing and nursing care.

Is West Nile virus in Utah?
Yes. As of August 22, 2003 sentinel chickens in Emery and Carbon County were confirmed positive with the virus. Horse cases have also been confirmed positive in Uintah and Emery counties. West Nile virus has been detected in mosquito pools in Utah and Uintah counties.

What is Utah doing to prevent a West Nile virus outbreak?

The Utah Public Health Laboratory is capable of testing birds and mosquitoes for the presence of the virus. If the virus is located within the state a warning will be made to allow people to take measures to protect themselves and their horses.

Utah has confirmed positive mosquito pools, sentinel chicken flocks and horses for West Nile virus during 2008 surveillance. USGS: West Nile Virus Maps - 2008

West Nile Virus: Horses
Other West Nile Virus FAQs | Other FAQ Categories

How could a horse get West Nile Virus?
Horses become infected with West Nile virus after being bitten by an infected mosquito. The mosquito acquires the virus by feeding on an infected bird and then the mosquito transmits the virus when it feeds on a horse, human or other mammal. Horses and humans are considered "dead end hosts," meaning they cannot transmit the West Nile virus to other horses, birds or people.

Horses in the United States have been infected with the virus. USDA: Current Status of West Nile Virus

What are the signs and symptoms of West Nile encephalitis in horses?
In horses that do become clinically ill, the virus infects the central nervous systems and causes symptoms of encephalitis. Clinical signs can include: loss of appetite, depression, fever, weakness of hind limbs, paralysis of hind limbs, impaired vision, ataxia, head pressing, aimless wandering, convulsions, inability to swallow, circling, hyperexcitability or coma. Many of these symptoms are similar to horses with rabies, Equine Protozoal Meylities (EPM) equine encephalitis and other serious neurological diseases. If symptoms are present, a veterinarian should be contacted immediately.

Is there a vaccine for West Nile virus?
In 2001, a vaccine was conditionally approved for horses, which must be administered by a veterinarian. The initial vaccine is a two-injection series given three weeks apart. Both injections must be given to provide protection from West Nile virus. Foals may be vaccinated at 12 weeks of age and require a second dose three weeks later. If foals are vaccinated prior to 12 weeks of age, a three-dose series is recommended. Other equine "encephalitic" diseases (sleeping sickness, eastern equine encephalitis, western equine encephalitis, and Venezuelan equine encephalitis) belong to another family of viruses for which there is not cross-protection. Therefore, horses should be vaccinated specifically for West Nile virus. There is no vaccine for humans.

How can I prevent mosquitoes from affecting my horses?

There are some easy steps you can take to prevent mosquitoes from affecting your horses: House horses indoors during peak periods of mosquito activity (dusk and dawn). Avoid turning on lights inside the stable during the evening and overnight. Place incandescent bulbs around the perimeter of the stable to attract mosquitoes away from the horses. Remove all birds, including chickens, that are in or close to the stable. Eliminate areas of standing water on your property. Topical preparations containing mosquito repellants are available for horses. Read the product label before using and follow all instructions. Fogging of stable premises can be done in the evening to reduce mosquitoes; read directions carefully before using.

Is there a treatment for West Nile encephalitis in horses?
There is no specific treatment for West Nile virus other than supportive veterinary care standard for animals infected with a viral agent. Data suggest that most horses do recover from the infection.

West Nile Virus: Birds
Other West Nile Virus FAQs | Other FAQ Categories

How can I report a sighting of dead bird(s) in my area?
Due to lack of funding, dead birds are not currently being tested in Utah County (2008).

Do birds infected with West Nile virus die or become ill?
In 2003 West Nile virus has been identified in many species of birds found dead in the United States. Most of these birds were identified through reporting of dead birds by the public.

How do I safely handle and dispose of dead birds?
For every dead bird: Avoid direct contact with the dead bird. Use rubber gloves or put a double plastic bag over your hand. (Grocery bags will do if they are in good shape.) Invert the bags over your hand, grab the bird, wrap it up and tie off or seal the bags. If you are using gloves, place the dead bird into a double plastic bag, wrap it up and tie off or seal the bags.

For birds that are to be discarded: Throw the double bagged and dead bird into an OUTSIDE garbage container and wash your hands thoroughly with soap and water.

If you are asked to collect the bird so it can be picked up later: Place the double-bagged dead bird in either a refrigerator or freezer that is not used for food, or in an ice cooler with a generous amount of ice or ice packs. Place the bird in a Ziploc-type bag if available (to prevent leakage). If the bird is double-bagged in a sealed and intact Ziploc-type bag, it could probably be safely stored in a refrigerator or freezer used for food (as long as it is clearly labeled!). Once the bird is stored properly, wash hands with soap and water.

If you do not want to touch the bird (and someone has told you it is going to be collected): Pour a generous quantity of ice on the bird and cover it with an ice cooler, garbage can, or other container.

What other things should I consider when watching for dead birds?
If you notice large numbers of dead birds suddenly appearing in a small area (e.g., more than three dead birds in your backyard overnight), these birds may have been poisoned. Please contact your local Wildlife Resources office to report this.

If you have a bird feeder, please read the following paragraphs for instructions on how to clean your feeder:

For routine cleaning: Clean feeders once a week using a bleach solution - use one part bleach to nine parts water. Rinse feeder thoroughly with water after cleaning and allow it to dry completely before refilling it with fresh seed. Remove waste grains from below feeders.

If you have had birds die near your feeder: Use a stronger bleach solution to clean your feeder - one part bleach to three parts water. Rinse feeder thoroughly with water after cleaning and allow it to dry completely before refilling it with fresh seed. Also, remove waste grains from below feeders and empty water for 7-10 days after an incident where birds have died near your feeder.

General Mosquito Questions Other FAQ Categories

Why do mosquitoes bite?
Mosquitoes belong to a group of insects that requires blood to develop fertile eggs. Males do not lay eggs, thus, male mosquitoes do not bite. The females are the egg producers and "host-seek" for a blood meal. Female mosquitoes lay multiple batches of eggs and require a blood meal for every batch they lay. Few people realize that mosquitoes rely on sugar as their main source of energy. Both male and female mosquitoes feed on plant nectar, fruit juices and liquids that ooze from plants. The sugar is burned as fuel for flight and is replenished on a daily basis. Blood is reserved for egg production and is imbibed less frequently.

Source: New Jersey Mosquito Control Association New Jersey Mosquito Control Association

Why do mosquitoes leave welts when they bite?

When a female mosquito pierces the skin with her mouthparts, she injects a small amount of saliva into the wound before drawing blood. The saliva makes penetration easier and prevents the blood from clotting in the narrow channel of her food canal. The welts that appear after the mosquito leaves is not a reaction to the wound but an allergic reaction to the saliva injected to prevent clotting. In most cases, the itching sensation and swellings subside within several hours. Some people are highly sensitive and symptoms persist for several days. Scratching the bites can result in infection if bacteria from the fingernails are introduced to the wounds.

Source: New Jersey Mosquito Control Association New Jersey Mosquito Control Association

Why are some people more attractive to mosquitoes then others?
Scientists are still investigating the complexities involved with mosquito host acceptance and rejection. Some people are highly attractive to mosquitoes and others are rarely bothered. Mosquitoes have specific requirements to satisfy and process many different factors before they feed. Many of the mosquito's physiological demands are poorly understood and many of the processes they use to evaluate potential blood meal hosts remain a mystery. Female mosquitoes use the carbon dioxide (CO2) we exhale as their primary cue to our location. A host-seeking mosquito is guided to our skin by following the slip stream of CO2 that exudes from our breath. Once they have landed, they rely on a number of short range attractants to determine if we are an acceptable blood meal host. Folic acid is one chemical that appears to be particularly important. Fragrances from hair sprays, perfumes, deodorants and soap can cover these chemical cues. They can also function to either enhance or repel the host-seeking drive. Dark colors capture heat and make most people more attractive to mosquitoes. Light colors refract heat and are generally less attractive. Detergents, fabric softeners, perfumes and body odor can counteract the effects of color. In most cases, only the mosquito knows why one person is more attractive than another.

Source: New Jersey Mosquito Control Association New Jersey Mosquito Control Association

How long do mosquitoes live?
Mosquitoes are relatively fragile insects with an adult life span that lasts about 2 weeks. The vast majority meet a violent end by serving as food for birds, dragonflies and spiders or are killed by the effects of wind, rain or drought. The mosquito species that only have a single generation each year are longer lived and may persist in small numbers for as long as 2-3 months if environmental conditions are favorable. Mosquitoes that hibernate in the adult stage live for 6-8 months but spend most of that time in a state of torpor. Some of the mosquito species found in arctic regions enter hibernation twice and take more than a year to complete their life cycle.

Source: New Jersey Mosquito Control Association New Jersey Mosquito Control Association

Where do mosquitoes go in the winter?
Mosquitoes, like all insects, are cold blooded creatures. As a result, they are incapable of regulating body heat and their temperature is essentially the same as their surroundings. Mosquitoes function best at 80o F, become lethargic at 60o F and cannot function below 50o F. In tropical areas, mosquitoes are active year round. In temperate climates, adult mosquitoes become inactive with the onset of cool weather and enter hibernation to live through the winter. Some kinds of mosquitoes have winter hardy eggs and hibernate as embryos in eggs laid by the last generation of females in late summer. The eggs are usually submerged under ice and hatch in spring when water temperatures rise. Other kinds of mosquitoes overwinter as adult females that mate in the fall, enter hibernation in animal burrows, hollow logs or basements and pass the winter in a state of torpor. In spring, the females emerge from hibernation, blood feed and lay the eggs that produce the next generation of adults. A limited number of mosquitoes overwinter in the larval stage, often buried in the mud of freshwater swamps. When temperatures rise in spring, these mosquitoes begin feeding, complete their immature growth and eventually emerge as adults to continue their kind.

Source: New Jersey Mosquito Control Association New Jersey Mosquito Control Association

Can mosquitoes carry diseases?
Any insect that feeds on blood has the potential of transmitting disease organisms from human to human. Mosquitoes are highly developed blood-sucking insects and are the most formidable transmitters of disease in the animal kingdom. Mosquito-borne diseases are caused by human parasites that have a stage in their life cycle that enters the blood stream. The female mosquito picks up the blood stage of the parasite when she imbibes blood to develop her eggs. The parasites generally use the mosquito to complete a portion of their own life cycle and either multiply, change in form inside the mosquito or do both. After the mosquito lays her eggs, she seeks a second blood meal and transmits the fully developed parasites to the next unwitting host. Malaria is a parasitic protozoan that infects the blood cells of humans and is transmitted from one human to the next by Anopheles mosquitoes. Encephalitis is a virus of the central nervous system that is passed from infected birds to humans by mosquitoes that accept birds as blood meal hosts in addition to humans. Yellow fever is a virus infection of monkeys that can either be transmitted from monkey to human or from human to human in tropical areas of the world. Dog heartworm is a large filarial worm that lives in the heart of dogs but produces a blood stage small enough to develop in a mosquito. The dog heartworm parasite does not develop properly in humans and is not regarded as a human health problem. A closely related parasite, however, produces human elephantiasis in some tropical areas of the world, a debilitating mosquito-borne affliction that results in grossly swollen arms legs and genitals.

Source: New Jersey Mosquito Control Association New Jersey Mosquito Control Association

Can mosquitoes transmit AIDS?
The HIV virus that produces AIDS in humans does not develop in mosquitoes. If HIV infected blood is taken up by a mosquito the virus is treated like food and digested along with the blood meal. If the mosquito takes a partial blood meal from an HIV positive person and resumes feeding on a non-infected individual, insufficient particles are transferred to initiate a new infection. If a fully engorged mosquito with HIV positive blood is squashed on the skin, there would be insufficient transfer of virus to produce infection. The virus diseases that use insects as agents of transfer produce tremendously high levels of parasites in the blood. The levels of HIV that circulate in human blood are so low that HIV antibody is used as the primary diagnosis for infection.

Source: New Jersey Mosquito Control Association New Jersey Mosquito Control Association

What is the UMAA? What is the AMCA?
The UMAA stands for the Utah Mosquito Abatment Association.

The AMCA stands for the American Mosquito Control Association.










































































































































































































































































































Locations Locations